McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Formula One manufacturer and also has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis manufacturer, and has won the Canadian-American Difficulty Cup (Can-Am) cars racing championship. The team is the second earliest active, and second most successful Formula One team after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Motorists' Championships and eight Fabricators' Champions. The group is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its very first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their greatest initial success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. More American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren died in a testing mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the group to their first Formula One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of an enduring sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Project Four Racing; Dennis took over as team principal and soon after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren investors to take complete control of the group. This started the group's most successful age: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took between them 7 Motorists' Champions and the group took six Builders' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- however later on their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams used the most constant challenge during this period, the two winning every builders' title between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had transferred to Williams, and the team went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, further championships was available in 1998 and 1999 with chauffeur Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the team corresponded front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, handing over to long time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season because 2004, check here Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, replacing Mercedes-Benz.
The team raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time given that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had actually settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until at least 2024. After initially returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Formula One team Cooper with whom he had won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Champion. Wishing to complete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, however when team owner Charles Cooper insisted on using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce chose to establish his own team to run him and his prospective Formula One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-built Cooper cars.